Wednesday, January 17, 2007

Women with Significant Contributions to Science

The San Diego Supercomputer Center presents biographies of 16 women who had "significant contributions" to science. The women they included:

Mary Anning (1799-1847): "Finder of Fossils"

Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace (1815-1852: "Analyst, Metaphysician, Founder of Scientific Computing"

Annie Jump Cannon (1863-1941): "Theorist of Star Spectra"

May Edward Chinn (1896-1960): "Physician", member of the Society of Surgical Oncolgy and master of Public Health.

Rosa Smith Eigenmann (1858-1947): "First Woman Ichthyologist of Any Accomplishment"

Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920-1958), "Pioneeer Molecular Biologist", who helped determine the structure of DNA

Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972): "Mother of Modern Management"

Sophie Germain (1776-1831): "Revolutionary Mathematician"

Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1906-1972): "Nobelist in Physics", developer of the nuclear shell model of atomic nuclei.

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994): "A Founder of Protein Crystallography"

Helen Sawyer Hogg (1905-1993): "A Gift of Stars", researcher on variable stars in globular clusters, and writer of a popular astronomy column in the Toronto Star

Admiral Grace Murray Hopper (1906-1992): "Pioneer Computer Scientist"

Lise Meitner (1878-1968): "A Battle for Ultimate Truth", who produced the first theoretical explanation of the fission process.

Emmy Noether (1882-1935): "Creative Mathematical Genius"

Rózsa Péter (1905-1977): "Founder of Recursive Function Theory"

Roger Arliner Young (1899-1964): "Lifelong Struggle of a Zoologist", first African-American woman to receive a zoology doctorate